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Painting: Introduction to Painting. Part 1.

Painting is one of the oldest forms of art that has captivated people for centuries with its beauty, emotions, and expression. Whether you are just starting your painting journey or you are already an art enthusiast, this series will provide you with solid foundations and tips to help you develop your painting skills. We will discuss the basic concepts and elements you will need to begin your painting journey. Let’s get started!

Section 1: Introduction to Painting. Part 1.

1.1. Choosing Materials.

Before starting to paint, it is important to understand and select the right tools and materials. Choosing the appropriate materials is crucial for achieving the desired effects in your artwork. Here are more detailed pieces of information about the fundamental elements you will need for painting:

1. Brushes: Brushes are one of the most essential tools for every painter. There are many different types of brushes, such as flat, round, filbert, and fan brushes, among others. Each type of brush has its unique characteristics and allows for creating different effects and details. Flat brushes are perfect for applying broad, flat areas of paint, while round brushes excel at creating lines and details. Filbert brushes are useful for blending and creating subtle color gradients. When selecting brushes, ensure that they are made of high-quality natural or synthetic bristles to ensure precision and durability.

2. Paints: The choice of paint depends on your preferences and painting style. The most popular types of paints used in painting are acrylic, oil, watercolor, and tempera paints. Acrylic paints are versatile, quick-drying, and easy to clean. Oil paints are known for their richness of colors and extended drying time, which allows artists more time for blending and creating effects. Watercolor paints are transparent and perfect for creating delicate layers of colors. Tempera paints are popular among beginner artists as they are easy to use and more affordable. When choosing paints, invest in high-quality products that provide durability and color intensity.

3. Basic Colors: A basic color set is essential for mixing and creating your own shades. Typically, a basic color set consists of primary colors such as red, blue, yellow, black, white, and greens. These colors form the foundation for most mixed hues. You can expand your color palette by adding additional colors to introduce variety and increase the range of color mixing possibilities.

4. Painting Surfaces: The choice of the painting surface depends on your preferences and painting techniques. The most common types of painting surfaces include canvas, wood, paper, and painting boards. Canvas is a popular choice due to its durability and flexibility. You can choose between cotton or linen canvas, depending on your preferences. Wood, such as panels or boards, can be used as a painting surface, particularly when working with oil paints. Paper with appropriate weight can be used for both watercolor and acrylic painting. Painting boards are smooth surfaces made of synthetic materials or metal, providing stability and evenness during painting.

5. Palette: The mixing palette is a tool on which you will mix and dilute your paints. It can be a traditional wooden or plastic palette, a palette made of synthetic materials, glass palette, or even a disposable paper palette. It is important to choose a palette that is easy to clean and provides a suitable surface for mixing colors.

When choosing painting materials, it is worth investing in high-quality products that will ensure durability and better results. However, keep in mind that there are various options available in the market, and you can tailor your choices to your individual preferences and budget. As you develop your painting skills, you will have the opportunity to experiment with different tools and materials to find those that best suit your style and painting techniques.

1.2. Basic Techniques.

Before diving into painting, it’s worth familiarizing yourself with the fundamental techniques that will allow you to master various painting effects and styles. Here are more detailed insights into several basic painting techniques:

1. Wet-on-Wet Technique: This is one of the popular techniques used in painting. It involves applying paint onto a wet surface, allowing for smooth color transitions and blending on the canvas. This technique is often used in watercolors, oil paints, and acrylics. It enables you to achieve subtle color transitions and fluid, dynamic effects.

2. Dry Brush Technique: This technique involves using a small amount of paint on a dry brush. It works particularly well with oil paints and acrylics. The dry brush is used to create texture and details on the canvas. With this technique, the brush is gently dragged across the surface, creating a brushstroke effect that adds dimension and expressiveness to the painting.

3. Layering: Layering technique involves applying successive layers of paint to the canvas. This allows for building depth, texture, and contrasts in the artwork. Layers can be applied in both oil and acrylic paints. By layering paints, you can achieve various effects such as translucency, color variation, and pigment density. This technique enables artists to gradually build the image and introduce details at different stages of the painting process.

4. Color Mixing: Color mixing is a crucial element in painting. The practice of mixing different colors on the palette allows you to achieve desired shades and effects. Through mixing, you can create new colors, dilute or mute the intensity of hues, and achieve gradients and transitions between colors. It’s important to experiment with different proportions of paints and discover the effects that can be achieved by blending different shades.

Mastering these basic techniques will enable you to express yourself artistically and experiment with different painting styles. Remember that these techniques are merely a starting point, and developing your own style and exploring new techniques will be part of your artistic journey. Practice, experimentation, and observing the works of other artists will be key to honing your painting skills.

It’s also important to note that painting techniques may vary depending on the type of paints and surfaces used in your creative endeavors. Each type of paint, such as acrylic, oil, watercolor, or tempera, has its own properties and requires specific application and mixing techniques.

During your painting process, be open to experimentation and develop your own working methods. Many artists discover unique techniques and styles through exploration and the development of their own creativity. Don’t be afraid to make mistakes, as they are part of the artistic process and can lead to new discoveries and growth.

Remember that mastering the basic techniques is just the beginning of your painting journey. As you continue your exploration and practice, you will discover more advanced techniques that will help you develop your unique artistic style. Enjoy every moment spent on the canvas, harness your imagination, and let the art of painting express your emotions and visions.


Painting is an art form that offers unlimited possibilities for self-expression and creating beautiful artworks. The introduction to painting is a section where we have discussed the fundamental concepts and elements that are essential for starting your painting journey. In upcoming publications, we will delve into further aspects. In the second part of this section, we will discuss composition and perspective. Remember that painting is a process of continuous learning and skill development. Enjoy this artistic journey and remain open to new challenges and discoveries.


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